Orhan Gencebay -Biography

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Orhan Gencebay is one of the leading and most original singers and song writers in arabesque music history. Many of his songs, including "Hatasiz Kul Olmaz" (Nobody Is Impeccable), "Batsin bu Dunya" (My Life is Damned) are among the classics of the arabesque music. He is a baglama virtuoso. He has also acted in many movies, and is a producer of movies. Combined sales of his CDs, MCs and records have exceeded 60 million units.

Biography

Orhan was born in the Black Sea coastal town of Samsun on August 4, 1944. He took a lively interest in music at the age of 6, taking violin and mandolin lessons from Emin Tarakci who was an old Classical Musician from the Ukraine Conservatory. At the age of 7, Orhan started playing the baglama (a traditional Turkish folk music instrument). At 10, he created his first composition. At 13, he started playing the tanbur, an instrument often used in Turkish classical music to improve himself in therotical and practical details of Turkish classical music.

During his high school years, he performed in Classical and Traditional Turkish Folk Music societies playing the tambur and baglama, taught music lessons in his own music courses, and took part in organizing community music centers in Istanbul and Samsun.

From 16, he became interested in jazz and rock music, and played tenor saxophone in wind orchestras. He entered the Turkish conservatory in Istanbul, and stayed there for 4 years. In the military, he kept on playing saxophone in the military brass band.

At 20 and 22, he passed the Turkish Radio and Television Corporation (TRT) exams, allowing him to become a resident baglama player at the network for several months.

In 1966 he got an excellent grade in National Baglama Contest with Arif Sag and Cinucen Tanrikorur, two other contemporary masters of Turkish music.

In the late sixties he collaborated with a wide range of musicians in performances and film music. Between 1966-1968 he played baglama with Arif Sag in many records with singers such as Muzaffer Akgun, Yildiz Tezcan, Ahmet Sezgin, Sukran Ay, Sabahat Akkiraz, and Nuri Sesiguzel. Orhan also took part as a music director in many Turkish films such as Ana, Kuyu, Kizilirmak-Karakoyun. He also collaborated with many musicians from different genres, such as Erkin Koray, Omar Faruk Tekbilek, Ismet Siral, Burhan Tonguc, Ozer Senay, Vedat Yildirimbora, Neset Ertas, Abdullah Nail Baysu. He appeared as a baglama performer and a well-known composer in musical societies, besides releasing several singles in genre of traditional Turkish Folk music. In 1968, he released his first "free-style" single "Sensiz Bahar Gecmiyor/Basa Gelen Cekilirmis", and was rewarded. During the 1970s he released many singles in a new genre that is a fusion of traditional Turkish Folk music, Turkish classical music, Western classical music, jazz, rock, country, progressive, psychedelic, Indian, Arabic, Spanish, and Greek music styles. Even though some musical societies such as TRT named that kind of World fusion music recordings as Arabesque music, Orhan Gencebay refused the term arabesque in case of complaining about it being inadequate to define his style. In 1972, he founded the Kervan Record Company which became very successful, attracting many other talented musicians such as Erkin Koray, Ajda Pekkan, Muazzez Abaci, Mustafa Sagyasar, Ahmet Ozhan, Kamuran Akkor, Semiha Yanki, Samime Sanay, Nese Karabocek, Bedia Akarturk, Nil Burak, Ziya Taskent, Semiramis Pekkan and Ferdi Ozbegen.

Throughout his career Orhan has performed leading roles in 36 movies, has been a composer almost in 90 movies, composed of about a thousand works, released almost 35 singles, 15 albums, and dozens of MC's. His albums sold out over 60 million legal copies.

As a composer, film musician, and as a person interested in other musical cultures, Orhan Gencebay is one of the major exponents of Turkish music in the 20th century.

In 2005, Gencebay was featured in the film Crossing the Bridge: The Sound of Istanbul by German Turkish director Fatih Akin, as well as on the film's soundtrack with the song "Hatasiz Kul Olmaz."

Biography in Turkish

Orhan Gencebay'in yasaminda iki dogum tarihi vardir... Birincisi 1944 yilinin 4 Agustos'unda sicak bir ögle vakti ilk soluk. Ikincisi ise müzigi kaninda, duygularinda solukladigi an. Müzik yasantisina alti yaslarinda babasinin "eglensin" diye aldigi mandolin ve kemani çalarak basladi. Bunlar daha çok bati aletleriydi. Hocasi viyolanistti, çok iyi ögrenim yapmis birisiydi... Kirim Türklerindendi ama Samsun'da berberlik yapiyordu. Küçük Gencebay yetenekliydi, kisa zamanda notayi ögrendi.

Ancak gözü Halk müzigindeydi. Yedi yasinda iken baglama ile tanisti. 12 yasina geldiginde artik tamburda çaliyordu. Sarki söylemiyordu ama müzigin felsefesini tanimaya çalisiyordu. Konservatuar sinavlarina girdi, kazandi ve bir süre devam etti. Ancak aradigi ve düsledigi müzigi bulamadigi gerekçesiyle ayrildi. Ardindan Ankara Radyosu sinavlarina girdi 20 yasindaydi. Sinavlari iftiharla kazandi, Halk Müzigi'ni tercih etmisti.

Müzik aletleri içinde ona baglama kadar yakin gelen yoktu. Sinavlari kazandigi halde usulsüzlük yapildi diye radyoya girmedi. Iki yil sonra Istanbul Radyosu'nun sinavlarina girdi, onu da iftiharla kazandi, 10 ay TRT'de çalisip ayrildi. O siralar çesitli arayislar içindeydi ve bütün sorunda buydu zaten. Var olan müzigin yapisindan tatmin olmuyordu. Türk müzigin'de çok iyi malzeme vardi, çok iyi yerlere gelmesi mümkündü. O yillarda böyle düsünüyordu.

TRT'den ayrildiktan sonra babasinin da islerinin bozulmasi üzerine yeniden Samsun'a dönen, ne var ki içindeki müzik tutkusu her geçen gün biraz daha yogunlasan Orhan Gencebay çalismalarini bu kez Istanbul Plakçilar Çarsisin'da yogunlastirdi. Söz yazari, besteci, yorumcu, baglama sanatçisi olarak zirveye dogru uzanan bir maratona basladi. Sanatçi henüz sarkici olarak taninmadan önce de bir çok bestesiyle söhret olmustu. "Sevemedim Kara Gözlüm ", "Koca Dünya", "Sabir Tasi" adli besteleri, besteci Orhan Gencebay'in taninmasina yetmiste artmisti bile. Hatta "Sevemedim Kar Gözlüm " adli bestesi rekor kirmis 45 sanatçi tarafindan plak yapilmisti.

Orhan Gencebay ses sanatçisi olarak adini ilk kez "Basa Gelen Çekilirmis" adli 45'lik plagi ile duyurdu ve hemen ardindan "Derdim Dünyadan Büyük" adli plagi geldi. 1969 yilinda "Bir Teselli Ver"'in satisini katlayarak kirdigi rekor nedeniyle çalistigi plak sirkets tarafindan "Altin Taç" ile ödüllendirildi. 1978 yilinda yaptigi "Yarabbim" adli plagi yurt içinde ve disinda yaptigi satislarla rekor kirdi.

Orhan Gencebay 1971 yilinda Istanbul Plak'a ortak olmus ve ilk plaklarinin büyük çogunlugu bu firmadan çikmisti. Sanatçi daha sonra merhum Yasar Kekeva ile ortak olarak Kervan Plak sirketini kurdu ve kardesi Burhan Gencebay ile birlikte çalismalarini burada sürdürmeye basladi. Yasar Kekeva Kervan Plak'tan ayrilip kendi adini verdigi plak sirketini kurunca Kervan Plak Orhan ve Burhan kardeslerin ortakligi ile bugünlere geldi.

Orhan Gencebay'in ilk evliligini yaptigi Azize Gencebay'dan Altan adini verdigi bir oglu dünyaya geldi. Daha sonra oglunun annesinden bosanan sanatçi "Tanri katinda esimdir" dedigi Sevim Emre'yi kendine hayat arkadasi olarak seçti. 1974 yilindan bu yana birlikte olan ünlü çift çeyrek yüzyila yakin bir zamandir beraberliklerini büyük bir uyum ve mutluluk içinde sürdürüyorlar.

Ünlü sanatçi simdiye karar 35 tane Yesilçam filmi çevirdi. Sayisiz filme müzik direktörü olarak imza atan Orhan Gencebay'in kendi firmasindan çikan 25 albümü bulunuyor. 28 yillik sanat hayatinda plak ve kaset olarak 50 milyonu askin bir sayi ile erisilmesi güç bir rekoru elinde bulunduruyor.

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